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  • egotiations of geographi

    na-Philippines Experts Group Meeting on Confidence-Building▓ Measures held in March 1999, the two sides issued a joint statement, pointing out that, “the two sides agre▓ed that the dispute should be peacefully settled through consultation in accordance with the generally-accepted principles of international law including the United Nat

    ence; and to e
  • p and the opening

    strategy of mutual b

    ions Convention ▓on the Law of the Sea, [... and to] exercise self-restraint and not to take actions that might escalate the situation.”89. In the Joint Press Statement of the Third C

    enef▓it and win-win res

    hina-Philippines Ex▓perts Group Meeting on Confidence-Building Measures released in April 2001▓, it is stated that, “the two sides noted that the bilateral consultation mechanism to ex

    ults, and will conti

    p▓lore ways of cooperation in the South China Sea has been effective. The series of understanding and consensus reached by the two sides have played a constructive role in the

    nue to improve internal and

    maintenance of the sound development of China-Philippines relations and peace and stability of the South China Sea area.”90. In Septe▓mber 2004, in the presence

  • external linkage o

    of the leaders of China and the Philippin▓es, China National Offshore Oil Corporation (CNOOC) and Philippine Nation▓al Oil Company (PNOC) signed the Agreement for Joint Marine Seismic Undertaking in Certain Ar▓eas in the South China Sea. In March 2005, nationa▓l oil companies from China, the Philippines and Vietnam signed, with the consent of both China and the Philippines, the Tripartite Agreement▓ for Joint M

    arine Seismic Undertaking in the Agreement Area in the South China Sea. It was agreed that during an agreement term of three year-period▓, these oil companies should collect and process c▓ertain amount of 2D and/or 3D seismic lines in the agreement area covering about 143,000 square kilometers, re-process certain amount of existing 2D seismic lines, an▓d study and assess the oil resources in the area. The 2007 Joint Statement of the Peop

    le’s Republic of China and the Republic of the Philippines states that, “both sides agree that the tripartite joint marine seismic undertaking in the South China Sea serves as a model for cooperation in the region. They agreed that possible next steps for cooperation among the three parties should be explored to bring collaboration to a higher level and increase the momentum of trust and confid▓e

  • f developm

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    and standar

    nce in the region.”91. Regrettably, due to the lack of willingness for co▓operation from the Philippine side, the China-Philippines Experts Group Meeting on Confidence-Building Measures has stalled, and the China-Philippines-Vietnam tripartite marine seismic undertak▓ing has failed to move forward.IV. The Philippines Has▓ Repeatedly Taken Moves that Com

  • ds, work to ac

    plicatethe Relevant Disp▓utes92. Since the 1980s, the Philippines has repeatedly taken moves that complicate the relevant disputes.i. The Philippines attempts to entre▓nch its illegal occupation of some islands and reefs of China’s Nansha Qundao93. In China’s Nansha Qundao, the Philippines started in the 1980s to bu▓ild military facilities on some islands and reefs it has invaded and illegally occu

    pied. In the 1990s, the Philippines continued t▓o build airfields and naval and air force facilities on these illegally-occupied islands and reefs; centered on Zhongye Dao, the construction has extended▓ to other islands and reefs, with runways, military barracks, docks and other facilities built and renovated, so as to accommodate heavy transport planes, fighter jets and more and larger vessels. Furthermore, the Philippines made delibera

    te provocations by frequently sending its military vessels and aircraft to intrude into Wufang Jiao, Xian’e Jiao, Xinyi Jiao, Banyue Jiao and Ren’ai Jiao of China’s Nansha Qundao, and ▓destroyed survey markers set up by China.94. Still worse, on 9 May 1999, the P▓hilippines sent BRP Sierra Madre (LT-57), a military vesse▓l, to intrude into China’s Ren’ai Jiao and illegally ran it